Employment is generally meant for two objectives namely, productivity as well as provision of livelihood to workers. However, there has been debate on issues surrounding the employment environment regarding the conditions that workers are to operate on. Some of them include suitable payment systems that are to be used to remunerate the worker, the minimum and maximum workload in working environment as well as the benefits of promotions and covers (Barrow). In this study we are to focus on the issue of maximum hours and minimum wage by scrutinizing the criteria of determination, who are the losers and winners in this debate as well as the implication of the concept.
Criteria of Determination
The fundamental step of undertaking the process of minimum wage and maximum pay is coming up with a clear structure on how the concept is to be undertaken. How can we determine who qualifies by what amounts in and timing? What does the law say about the issue? What are the rates that are the most appropriate and fair both to the worker and to the productivity of the company? These are some of the most basic questions that anyone can be asking on the issue of making the criteria workable.
The question of who qualifies first should be based the minimum wage is the terms of employment for instance, part time versus permanent basis. According to Williams, this reflects that the permanent one should get at least a higher minimal wage as compared to the part time because of the opportunity for the part-time one has to have multiple jobs. Educational background, marital status, the industry involved, age and gender are used today to determine what is to be payable to whom (LoveToKnow corp).
All these factors should be put in considerations in a manner that is optimum and fair to all. The issue of maximum hours is addressed legally according to the workers unions and other organizations. In a British system for instance a normal working week is characterized by nine to five day five days a week (American economic Review). However, with the increased need for continuous service provision all over the world some businesses operate seven days a week. However the system provides that a 24 days paid holiday is granted to all workers per annum. This guarantees a break as well as social involvement of the workers.
This means that the criteria of determining the best way of this concept should not only be profit driven but also people-motivated.
The winners and the losers in the debate
Despite the fact the argument of minimum wage maximum hours looks good in the sense that it protects the workforce there are its losers or those detrimental by the concept. They include the low skilled employs as well as the small business owners. Bruce Phillips a researcher observes that increase of the minimum wage rate destroys jobs. This is because the small owners increase the cost of business by the margin of such increases (Sandqvist). Because their aim is to maintain their profit margin they will not employ more people. In the same breath issues of price increases for goods are inevitable for the aim of profit margin maintenance.
However, there are beneficiaries of the minimum wage. They include the poor families and the women who have extra needs and constant pay. This means that they are protected to a certain extent or limit as they can budget for the minimum amounts they receive. Affluent employees who are likely spend more also gain and this translates to a more tax bracket hence the revenue authorities for countries also gain.
Implications of the concept
When the concept is analyzed fro any society developed or not, it implies that there are beneficiaries and losers in the same capacity. A study recently showed that part-time workers who include students and other middle level workers stand to gain from this concept while the businesses in this case, mostly from the service industry and the menial workers are the biggest losers (Sandqvist).
This implies that there are additional job cuts, reduced wage increases for the direct workers and reduced working hours for each worker meaning there will be increased prices of the services and goods that are on offer. In addition to that, the employers in such scenarios tend not to employ workers on a permanent basis rather, they employ on the contractual or semi permanent basis to avoid a further expense on retirement benefits or mandatory pension set by the government.
Secondly it can be attributed that service industry tend to be too competitive and price can be a factor to be on the edge of the market share. The players in this case may not risk passing the costs to the customer when they adopt such concepts hence they may not break even as desired.
However, on a positive note, such measures of maximum working hours have a benefit in the sense that they provide a social environment where workers don t turn to machine like elements. This too reduces chances of depression due to the optimum working environment set by the law.
The issues of minimum and maximum factors of the working environment have both advantages and disadvantages. The debate concerning the pros and cons too is endless depending on the timing and the ones in questions. In this note it is better to consider the benefits versus the detriments before any implementation.