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All morally good actions have a lesson that we can all learn from. An action is termed to be morally right if its positive effects outweigh its negative effects. Morally good actions are good examples off the kind of things we should do for and to one another in order to help each other and live in harmony as friends and neighbors. When the city planning displaces some people to build a road through their homes that will serve the whole community, it is a morally good action since the final outcome will outweigh the issue of the displacement of the people for good of the larger community.
Personal believes may be influenced by the environment one lives in. The immediate environment is only a platform to teach and give guidance to someone but the final choice as to what to believe is a personal preference. No matter what people teach or say, it is up to an individual to believe what they want to believe since personal believes are what one will find right for the kind of lifestyle they choose for themselves. Happiness is the good flow of life; it is an ongoing process and is not a particular state of mind or emotion. Virtues on the other had are contributors to the overall actions done by people on daily basis. A virtue is a positive quality valued as a foundation of good moral being. According to Plato there is a connection between the two and he tries to make the connection by putting it that when one practices good virtues in his life then that person will ultimately have happiness in his life as the good deeds will follow him.
According to Aesara, humans can discover the natural and philosophic foundations of human law through introspection. Through the application of moral law in three ways: individual morality, morality by which social institutions are based and the moral foundations of the family. She maintains that a critical analysis of the nature of the soul can lead to our understanding of the nature of justice and law as applicable to the family, an individual or even to a social grouping. The soul also is divided into three parts, mind, spirit and desire. The mind analyzes ideas and leads to decisions. The spirit is analogous to the will and provides the motivation to do actions. Decisions that people make need to show the appropriate proportions of personal morality, justice and a personal will power through control. Morality and justice need to be rational as they have to take into consideration all the relevant arguments and ideas. In order for morality within an individual, rules within the family and also within the society to be executed, spiritedness is essential.
Personal moral principles, family values as well as societal laws need to include love in form of compassion or kindness or even as self esteem. According to Aristotle, happiness depends mainly on the cultivation of virtue, these are ideally personal virtues and not necessarily virtues based on the society. Happiness typically rests within a virtual and sufficient end. His reasoning was that every person strives to reach a particular end and only if he lives a life of virtues will they bring him closer to that end. For one to be happy, he has to live a life practicing the virtues which will eventually see him reach his ultimate end. Some may argue that the actions that one chose to undertake are the ones that create happiness but Aristotle believed that these actions are merely part of the long journey in search of the ultimate end. A lifetime of virtue applications is an ethical life which is centered on good. This good is what Aristotle believed Is happiness.
A man's occupation may be a good example of a final end, if one enjoys their occupation, they would act rationally and centre their attention on the good associated with the occupation of which is the final outcome of his career. An example would be the case of a pilot we may say his final end would be flying. Moral character can be said to border on the virtues and vices that act as dispositions that lead one to behave in the way that they do within certain circumstances. A habit is an action that counts as virtuous and that which holds itself in a certain equilibrium of the soul. Epicurus believed that the greater good was to seek pleasure in moderation in order to reach a state of tranquility and an absence of bodily pain. Stoicism was based on a way of life that was well indicated in a person's philosophy based on what they said and not on their behavior.
Reducing all wants to a minimum and achieving self-reliance by avoiding all societal comforts would mean that one will live a stress free life without worry thus it is a sound policy. Fate may refer to directly to destiny which is an inevitable sequence of events beyond our human control. Hildegard's concept of the structure of the soul simply refers to the human understanding of the way our souls are insinc with the world and the universe around us. The difference with the ideal of Aesara about the soul is the difference in the belief as to where the strength or divinity lies. A moral fact is something that any set of morals across all ethnic or societal backgrounds would agree on, example "murder is bad..." they are randomly created "rules" and "facts" which are basically arbitrary beliefs, nothing more.