Physical activity and good nutrition are crucial aspects concerning an individual’s health and wellness. A nutritious diet plays the key role of promoting growth and the repair of body cells. In this regard, a diet rich in minerals such as calcium, magnesium and potassium is essential (Shils et al. 670). In addition, the diet should comprise of a range of vitamins such as vitamin A, B, C and D. Minerals and vitamins promote various enzyme functions within the body, which enable the body’s growth, repair and maintenance (Bryan 27). A good nutrition comprising of whole grains, low-fat products, fruits and vegetables promote weight control as it eliminates excessive calories that cause weight gain. Healthy weight minimizes risks associated with particular diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and certain types of cancer. Another crucial aspect of good nutrition is the supply of micronutrients, which enhance one’s immune system (Shetty 2). In this regard, a nutritious diet enables the body to fight various opportunistic infections.
Scientific evidence demonstrates that physical activity plays a crucial role in the attainment of health and wellness. It helps to maintain appropriate levels of energy within the body by burning excess calories. Adopting regular routine for physical exercise is crucial concerning weight management and prevention of obesity. Physical activity reduces risks associated with chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure (Jackson 174). Another important aspect of physical activity is the regulation of triglycerides and the levels of cholesterol within the blood. Furthermore, it increases the density of lipoproteins (Gogus 214). Evidence shows that physical activity improves an individual’s psychological well-being, and minimizes levels of stress, depression and anxiety. Physical activity helps to build stronger bones and eliminate bone-related illnesses such as arthritis. Moreover, physical activity promotes the intake of water due to dehydration through sweat. Water plays a crucial role in the elimination of various toxins within the body that pose health risks (Carolyn 118).