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Juvenile justice system should be enjoying its role as a rehabilitation system since its establishment about two Centuries ago. It was meant to help juvenile offenders serve their imprisonment at the same time cushioned from the bullying and influences from their adult counterparts. The system currently has a hectic time in fixing the age limits where one is regarded as fit for juvenile court. In most states, the age is fixed at 17 making it questionable. Another issue is on matters to be handling by the system with children matters taking precedence e.g. neglect and adoption. Furthermore, the system should take into account the circumstances under which a child can be referred to the system (Krisberg, 2005).
The system faces a lot challenges especially on facilities and professionalism. For instance, the system requires for itself a good number of psychiatric to handle the children's mental problems as a process of rehabilitation. The facilities are not enough to gather for individual need which culminates to incinerated children becoming future criminals. As a professional, the challenge of professionalism and facilities could be my priorities to make the system more effective as the finding s shows that 89% of juvenile detentions lead to future crimes (Lippman, 2010).
Interestingly, the system is applauded for service interchange with other fields like healthcare systems and the adult criminal courts. The output of the system are input to other systems for instance the aftercare system and the adult systems. When a detainee is released he/she receives another class of re-handling depending criminal's condition and the state during the release. All these smooth transitions are regarded as some of the strengths of juvenile justice systems.
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However, the system has its limitations; one being its less ability to handle serious offenses. The system often refers some cases to the adult criminal courts if they are not within its jurisdiction. Secondly, the system is limited to age limits and subsequent actions after the juvenile release. The aftercare period cannot be undertaken by the juvenile system but often the adult criminal systems i.e. the system cannot retain the detainee beyond 21 years in most states. The existence of juvenile systems can be a waste of resources if the challenges are not resolved. The reason being the release of detainees who with time become future criminals, a great danger posed on national security (Krisberg, 2005).
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