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France fought the World War 1 alongside the British army that fought against Germany forces from 1914-1918. It was called the World War or Global War because allies could support individual powers to defeat their rivals. In this case, Bulgaria, Turkey, and Hungary supported Germany to fight against France, Britain, and Russia from 1914 to 1915. Later on, France, Britain, and Russia were joined by Japan, Italy, Portugal, Romania, and Greece from 1915 to 1916. Then, the American military joined the war in 1917, in support of France and British units. In May 1918, the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) was deployed in France to fight against Imperial Germany Forces.
An Evaluation of the American Military Effort during World War I
American Expeditionary Forces made its operations under the commander Major General John J. Pershing who was appointed by the president Woodrow Wilson. Under the leadership of Pershing, the armed forces were well- trained before being sent to Europe. In May 1918, America had already deployed approximately one million soldiers in France. Some of the military forces were placed on the front line. The war was much influenced by the use of science and technology, mass production and use of weapons, centralized government control, and destruction (Pershing, 1931).
The excellent planning for the war contributed immensely to the success of the American troops. The planners ensured that there was a steady flow of the army forces from United States to Europe. There number of soldiers was an inadequate; this forced the Congress to pass a service act in order to allow the United States citizens to participate in the war. The act allowed males aged between 21-31 years to participate in the War. The Standard Volunteer Systems were also launched to raise the size of the army and many citizens joined as a way of showing loyalty, patriotism, and worthiness to their states. The black Americans were discriminated in operations; however, eventually they recruited those who had families and farms.
Pershing wanted American forces to do its operations independently from the other allies. He also launched training for the new arrivals from America. This was because he was using the equipments and weapons from France and Britain to save time (Coffiman, 1998). He further explains how the operations were done at divisional levels; there were field soldiers and marines for the war. The entire army and the Marine Corps were successful in stopping the Germany troops from advancing to Paris. According to Roland (2005), the France territory recovered from Germany forces through the efforts of its allies was about 488 square kilometers; this marks the success of the United States in the War.
A Discussion of the Major American Military Operations, Battles, Campaigns, and Leaders Involved with World War I from May 1918 to the Conclusion Of The War on November 11, 1918.
Through intensive operations of the American military forces, America eventually managed to overcome their enemies. The United States was forced to take offensive operations in order to defeat the Germany forces. The American troops did a successful work in their operations during the month of June 1918. This particular operation occurred in the second battle of the Marne. John J. Pershing was campaigning for American military forces to run their operations independently from their allies. This could not been achieved immediately; it took some time. The vision of Pershing was later attained through qualified personnel forces reaching Europe.
The idea behind Pershing’s stand was to bring victory to the United States after defeating its rival. The war was associated with civilization and liberation. Therefore, the American troops employed United States aviation unit’s fighters and the United States light tanks. He also used France facilities to train his soldiers. Major operations were done through divisions where each division had a task to perform. In this manner, it managed to conquer Germany. Each division operated in its area of specialization (Venson, 1999).
The American army forces applied the first offensive operation on May 1918 at the battle of Cantigny. The first division did this offensive operation, which employed the regular army formation. The action was done by AEF in conjunction with British units. During this time, the British forces were under Corporal Thomas A. Pope, and he was rewarded and honored for the success of the battle. The battle of Hamel took place under the leadership of Australian Corps Commander Lt. General Sir John Monash in the month of July 1918.
In the month of September 1918, the American troops through an offensive act brought the Saint Mihiel Salient into great reduction (Smythe, 1986). Pershing released over 500,000 forces to undertake offensive operation; this was the largest offensive operation in the American history (Hallas, 2009). This was also followed by another offensive known as Argonne offensive that took place between September and November 1918. The offensive operations are highly attributable to the success of the United States in the War.