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The government and politics in Russia went through ups and downs to come to the current state we have today, the different rulers who came to power had the same agenda of civilization but what mattered the most was the method they drafted to achieve this. Most of them found themselves without the support of the nation since usually no one by then agreed entirely with one another on which was the best form of civilization to adopt at the time.
We have two well known and accepted theories of the time of administration of Alexander 1. These are Speransky and Karamzin. Speransky saw the necessity of public opinion in determining politics. He acknowledged that the will of the people was influential in driving any nation.
On the other hand, Karamzin wanted a totalitarian Russia. This was due to the past events that took place in the country, he believed and had also observed that each time a principle changed the Russians went in chaos and anarchy and hence foreign ideologies came into play.
Pestle who was an extremist believed that Russian justice would be achieved. It required hardliners to establish networks to oppress those who defiled the uniform rational laws and who held the chaos. All these intellectuals had a common agenda and goal that of undivided Russia, a government that would maintain law and order other than let conflicting interests plug the country in chaos. By the time Nicholas 1 came to power, most of these theories were in place. He took up on himself to implement and accept rationalization other than reason. He left the spiritual parts of the theories. Pestel’s, Karamzin’s, Catherene’s ideas were also partially taken into account. With this, he managed to destroy the fluid nature of politics in Russia. Eventually this ended the chaos.