Environment is basically the surroundings of life. These surroundings include living and non-living things which make up of natural and built environments. Natural environment is composed of things which exist naturally whereas built environment is one that man has made. However, environmental conversation is a practice of protecting the environment, an individual, organizational or governmental level.
In recent past, air was fresher, water was cleaner, soil was pure than the condition now and it is getting worse day by day. I applaud the concern of each individual in trying to conserve our environment. Every individual needs to understand that environment is the caretaker of lives. There is a need to stand for its conservation efforts. Each and every individual should feel obliged to ensure that the environment is taken care of, bearing in mind that this is for the good of the current generation and its posterity.
However, we need to know why this condition is getting worse and find solutions to rectify. First, in our homes we use timber, firewood and construction poles. Apparently all these come from trees which are part and parcel of our environment. What is much disheartening is the fact that most of those whose who depend on this valuable commodity make no attempt to plant more trees in order to counteract the depletion of the same. Trees in their natural state have an important duty of supplying living creatures with fresh air as well as being habitat for the same. The cutting down of trees for other uses paves way for harmful air in the atmosphere.
Secondly, methods of farming most of the farmers are using are doing harm to the environment as opposed to what they ought to. Farmers are using heavy machinery powered by diesel engines in their farming activities. These machines emit harmful gases such as carbon monoxide to the atmosphere and this eventually leads to the global warming and change in climate. Also, the farming chemicals such as pesticides, fungicides and fertilizers have negative side effects to our surroundings since they cause pollution to waters, soil and air as well and hence man and other living things is vulnerable to ill health.
In the industrial sector, environment has not been spared either. Some of our industries pollute water through emitting harmful effluents which contain chemical residues to the surroundings. This water eventually finds way into water bodies. When animals and humans drink contaminated water they are likely to suffer from waterborne diseases. Many of these diseases can cause death some of them include typhoid, amoeba, cholera among others.(Carson, 2002)
On the other hand, other industries emit harmful gases to the atmosphere. Some of the gases emitted from industries are sulfur dioxide, nitrogen, carbon monoxide among others. These gases cause global warming, air pollution and acid rains as well. Acid rain affect plant chlorophl and withering of plants. Global warming has led to melting of glaciers, this water finds its way to the water bodies and owing to this the oceans have proved disastrous. Increase in its content has led to submerging of the lowlands that border the oceans and cases of drowned people and destruction of property have been reported. Also, polluted air causes harm to the respiratory systems of man and animals. Humans can contact respiratory diseases such as asthma, reduced energy levels among others when exposed to polluted air.
There are also other human activities that highly contribute to the pollution of the environment. First of all is the trading activity that humans carry out. In supermarkets, shops and other outlets packaging of products is done by plastic materials which are non biodegradable. These plastic materials find their way in landfills or incinerators leading to water and soil contamination and air pollution when burned.
Secondly is the residential sector as a human activity. Due to increased population residential sector is counted as one of the major sources of environmental pollution. Household wastes end up finding their way into the environment to the landfills or municipal incinerators. Most of the household wastes do no decompose fast making burning of waste as the only alternative to reduce wastes. Eventually this leads to air, water and pollution. (Turner, 1994)
There are various ways through which we can conserve the environment. In our homes we can make effort into trying to conserve the environment through using environmental friendly sources of energy and building materials. These alternative sources of energy may include solar energy as source of power in our homes and energy conservative stoves for cooking. This will help in the environment conservation since people will cut down fewer trees for energy and construction purposes.
However, farmers ought to use environmental friendly methods in carrying out farming activities. The diesel consuming machines used for farming ought to be replaced by those who consume bio fuel. This will help in reducing large amount of gases that is emitted into the atmosphere. The farm chemicals such as insecticides, fungicides, pesticides and fertilizers which cause soil, water and air pollution ought to be replaced by organic farm inputs which are less harmful to the environment.
In the industrial sector, government should come up with strict measures of controlling methods used by industries in emitting their effluents. In order to reduce water and soil pollution by industries, government needs to ensure that no industry firm that is located near to a source of water and their effluents come out of the compound less harmful to the surroundings. Also government should ensure that emission of gases is done carefully. On the other hand, the government should ensure that industries which are likely to pollute environment are located far from residential areas.
The other important method of environmental conservation is to carry out campaigns aiming at persuading the public to plant trees in the existing forests as well as creating new ones. Also, public need to be sensitized on the importance of increasing the forest covers in our planet. Forests serve as sources of life because they have many benefits to our lives. Some of these benefits are; they give habitants to the animals, they serve as water catchment areas, they are source of medicines, and they beautify the land.
In conclusion, environment is a source of live and it needs our effort to conserve it. Every individual should be sensitized on the importance of conserving the environment. For the success of conservation to be achieved we should use conserve energy by using alternative sources that are friendly to the environment. Government should input strict measures of environmental conservation such as prohibiting illegal cutting of trees, waste disposal methods by the public.