The basic features of the Baroque art are a sense of movement, tension and energy. These characteristics can either be real or implied. Strong differences of shadow and light enhance the theatrical effects of most sculptures and paintings. The term ‘Baroque’ refers to the internal stylistic harmony of the period. The basso continuo is the most significant unifying characteristic of all the Baroque art. Baroque period is typically known as the thorough-bass period. The Baroque period covers the period between 1600 and 1750. There are two major trends of the Baroque art: the dynamic and the classical trend. The dynamic period was the link to the classical period. There are several of differences between the dynamic and the classical musical genres. The main differences lay between the instrumentation and composition structure of both trends.
Dynamic architecture and art of the Baroque period puts a weight on adornment. Dynamic Baroque composers initiated the use of complex harmonies and multiple instrumentations in their compositions. Dynamic Baroque art favored the stringed instruments such as the harpsichord. On the other hand, the Classical period preferred the piano, woodwinds and brass. The dynamic trend also allowed for more inventiveness than the Classical period. It also featured more chances for collection soloing. Dynamic Baroque artists also initiated opera as a separate musical genre.
The Classical music period began with the innovation of the sonata. This is the feature that showed up the classical music. Early Classical music appears to be one of the first genres which expressed two distinct moods using sonatas. This is a unique characteristic, whereby one fast-paced and one lyrical are combined with sonatas. On the other hand, dynamic Baroque art and its forerunners composed their art with a single one mood in every movement. The Classical period put weight on the piano. The piano was their main instrument used for performing art. Classical artists were governed by several rules of structure. The most notable rule was the progression of the rondo style, which is ABA or ABACA. On the contrast, the dynamic Baroque was governed by the rondo style with this pattern; ABACABA.
The dynamic Baroque art predated the Classical period. However, towards the end of the dynamic Baroque period there was an overlap. This occurred as the dynamic trend grew into the Classical period. The Dynamic Baroque era followed the Renaissance. This happened as the consequence of evolution in 1600. Dynamic Baroque art was the prevailing force in European art, architecture and music until 1750. The Classical music trend gained popularity in 1750s. Classical composers conquered the Western art, architecture and music tradition until the Romantic era came in the early 19th century.
The most famous artists of the dynamic Baroque era were Bach, Monteverdi, Handel, Corelli and Vivaldi. Vivaldi was a student of Corelli's and was a famous artist of the late dynamic Baroque period. He was among the first composers to consecrate the features of Baroque art, including the rondo. Conversely, the works of Haydn ushered in the Classical trend. He was the first artist to expand the sonata form and piano trios. The two styles distinguish the Classical trend from the dynamic Baroque. Other popular Classical artists include Beethoven, Mozart, and Schubert.
In conclusion, the Baroque art era refers to the period of Scientific Revolution, as well as Age of Absolutism. Baroque art is the Western music style extending from 1600 to 1750. There were two major trends of Baroque art: the dynamic and the classical. The dynamic period was the link to the classical period. There are several differences between the dynamic and the classical musical genres.