Artists choose appropriate colours to convey certain narrative, form, and function in art work design. Form and function are carefully and skillfully used to enhance encaustic, fresco, oil, water colour, and acrylic in this piece of art work. In addition, they are engaged with the use of mixed motif in coming up with a beautiful piece of art work. This combination of encaustic, fresco, oil, water colour, and acrylic produces dizzying array references on the paintings. The mixture of encaustic, fresco, oil, water colour, and acrylic give some striking allusions, contrasts, and brilliant picture images (Freeman, 2011). These carefully constructed images of pictorial compositions have spatial and chromatically arranged colourful designs with awesome characteristics that attract the viewers and audience of the art/design at a glance, as shown below.
The use of water colour and acrylic in figure 1 makes art paintings appear symmetrical and often hard-edged. The paintings portray some aura-ringed images which hover at varying atmospheric depths. It shows graduated and glowing colours. In fact, the curvaceous silhouettes of these paintings can be used to show some elements of Buddhist shrines, lotus blossoms, mosque domes, and meditating Bodhisattvas (Agua, 2006). Form and function use acrylic sparingly to produce patterns with latticed and stripped shapes. On the other hand, they make use of oil to artistically come up with vaporous backgrounds. Often, the vaporous backgrounds show some horizontal, diagonal, and perpendicular crossings or fuzzy bands. The encaustic and fresco used in art art work give the paintings characteristics of bright and some blurry plaids. In fact, the encaustic and fresco effects of the paintings blend well with the oil colour used in the pictures. This combination of different elements gives some aesthetic value to the pieces of art. Moreover, form skillfully makes use of water colour and acrylic to portray flatness and pure abstraction notion. This notion may give both spiritual and symbolic meanings to these abstract paintings and forms found in the art. In addition, the water colour used on the rectangle makes it fluid, textureless and crystalline. It can be argued that different forms in a contemporary art provide the aspect of collectivity.
In addition to colour, lighting is important in art since it provides illuminations. It has been witnessed in Renaissance humanism, which is reflected in the fifteenth and sixteenth century European art as a result of the attempt and desire to come up with the best creative art works in the new era (Laurier & Pentak, 2008). It is part of the great works that the ancient empires of Rome and Greece had started to attain humanity. In fact, light provides a reflection to the physical beauty, which is a representation in art work that brings human beings closer to their God. Indeed, the humanist patrons of the fifteenth century championed and commissioned the European artists to begin working on classical themes. It was against the medieval art work standards that focused on Christian values and subjects. The fifteenth and the sixteenth century European Renaissance humanity art works focused on the natural world. These pieces of art work draw a lot of emphasis on human forms. With the aid of lighting, the human forms were portrayed as God’s beautiful creations, which demanded a lot of respect. It made the artists study anatomy so that they could paint and curve the human body beautifully, which could be viewed in several art works. European art portrayed the human figures accurately (Heinrich, 2004). In essence, the artistic sculptors made people fall in love with the real human form. Besides, these paintings portrayed some elements of civilization, according to illumination that light provides in various arts.
For example, Tintoretto’s work “The Last Supper” is a true reflection of humanity as depicted by light. Indeed, this art work goes against the classical paintings, which failed to reflect the human characteristics due to lack of adequate lighting and ventilations. In this art work composition, Christ occupies the centre stage, though the table in the picture is placed in a very sharp angle that makes it appear well-illuminated. Tintoretto used some brilliant lighting in the painting to show Christ’s small figure. The scene reflects daily human activities such as event setting, attendance, eating and drinking, and presence of domestic animals. In this event, human characteristics are shown when Jesus Christ offered his body and blood to the disciples. The body and blood represented bread and wine. In the scene, there is some miraculously transformation of earthly things to divine intervention. In addition, the aspect of humanist values is the betrayal of Jesus Christ by Judas Iscariot, who sits in isolation at the near end of the table. In essence, all these elements can only be observed in the art, when there is proper colour, lighting, and ventilation (Hassrick & Cunningham, 2008).
In summary, colour and lighting reflect human figures, which are important to the art in general and the Renaissance art in particular since they enhance human interest. Besides, they depict the religious feeling. Often, the human figures are arranged next to each other, thus, giving some significant relations, which a naturalistic view-point lacks. These artistic arrangements give unity and in-depth feeling to the piece of art work. Through such art works, human beings are given respect and dignity. In addition, important lessons and messages are passed to the next generations. Despite some sense of agitation, human figures portray nobility in Renaissance art, which can be well depicted through lighting. Depiction of the human body in Renaissance art through lighting expresses ideals of beauty that emphasized on proportionality of human structure. Human body parts such as arms and legs must be represented in proportion to the others. This ideal led to analytical study of human geometry and sex biology among various artists, which revealed a lot about the artists’ personal outlook.