The potential effect of atmospheric changes in Carbon dioxide induced by human activity has been the subject of scientific inquiry for the past 103 years (Ruddiman 24). Most findings indicate that global warming has increased because of rise of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (Kenneth, 2003). Besides carbondioxide, other greenhouse gases include methane, ozone, and nitrous oxide (Sundquist 87). Greenhouse gases warm by preventing the loss of heat via convection to the outside atmosphere.
Methane is responsible for 19% of the enhanced greenhouse effect (Sundquist 63). Biomass burning produces 8 percent of annual methane gas emissions to the atmosphere, rice cultivation (22%), enteric fermentation and subsequent flatulence in ruminant animals (15%) (Ruddiman, 2007). The latter source is attributed to cattle, which have increased in number by forty times since the Second World War . Methane is also released by mining (7%), natural gas drilling and transmission (9%) and fermented products in landfills (8%). Increased bush fires in most part of the world are also causes of air pollution.
The Chinese emissivity of greenhouse gases at present and in the year 2000 have been roughly estimated. In 2000, the emission of CO2 and N2O would reach 1178.35 TgC and 0.27 to 0.38 TgN, respectively (Dyurgerov, 2005). Clearly, the air pollution issue is not merely a problem for the industrialized nations to solve. U.S, Japan, and the European Economic Community accounted for 70% of global CFC production in 1985, but only 40% of greenhouses (Sylva, 2008). China will become an increasingly stronger source of emissions in the decades ahead, as will other newly industrializing nations (Ruddiman, 2005). Perhaps the UNEP team is most suitable for that role having proved themselves capable with the Vienna convection (Falkowski, 2008). In addition to thinking carefully about the most appropriate parties to advance a global climate protocol, it will be useful to think creatively about mechanisms for achieving International Corporation.