Research paper is written as result of 5 years of training, depending on where the student passes to practice and its specialisation. Its volume to 100 sheets by hand, in a printing variant - about 70 pages.
Examinations are written by students, pupils on correspondence branch. They are made out both on a theoretical question, and at the decision of any problem. Volume - 12 sheets or 10 printing pages.
Any work is carried out on standard sheets. The standard sheet has format ?4, and next sizes: 297-210. In work necessarily should be weeding:
Bottom - 1,5 see
Standard interval between lines - one-and-a-half (in that case if you perform work on the computer), a font of 14th, Times New Roman. For those who writes the handle - dark blue or black ink, without underlinings. All should be written accurately, it is possible to cover errors with a stroke.
Numbering of pages is carried out from above on the centre of a line (to be put only the figure, in the field). Pages are numbered, since the third.
Any written work includes the title page, the maintenance, the text, the list of the used literature and the appendix.
Title page registration. A line spacing - unary, lines are written more densely. In the end of a line of a point are not put. The title page contains following requisites: the ministry name, the name of an educational institution and its structural divisions, the name and the name of written work.
The list of the used literature. The given sheet begins with words «List of the used literature», in the middle from first line, lower case letters, since a header, 14 font. A space from the sheet name - double (2 lines). The list is written alphabetically, depending on the first letter of a surname of the author or from the first letter of the name of the book of article. All literature is subdivided on two groups: books and periodicals. To books, the monography, directories and encyclopaedias, and textbooks concern periodicals - magazines and newspapers. Books happen both «to the author», and «under edition». In the list to be put at first the surname of the author, and then - the book name. Books «under edition» are entered in the list, since the book name. The publishing house should be obligatory: a city, then - the publishing house name. If it is Moscow it is written to M:, if St.-Petersburg, - ?-?:. Articles of magazines and newspapers can be «with the author», and «without it». At first the surname of the author, the initials, and then - article name is underlined. If article has no author article name is written, and then the same. Year of release of the given edition in the end should be specified.
The maintenance. It is written on 2 page of written work and consists of following sections: Introduction, chapter 1 (points 1.1, 1.2), chapter 2 (points 2.1, 2.2, 2.3), chapter 3 (points 3.1, 3.2), the conclusion, the list of the used literature and the appendix. Between a word "maintenance" and the maintenance to be put the double space. The maintenance is written without a space from the left field. Introduction begins with 3 pages. In introduction the urgency of the theme chosen by you, the purpose of your work and a problem is written. Introduction has small volume, about 2 pages. 1 head always theoretical, in it reveals concept, structure and classification, historical stages can be considered. In 2 head the question extends, the concept is considered in system, it is methodical, various analytical approaches and calculations here can be studied. In 3 head problems and prospects are considered. In the conclusion there is nothing new are conclusions on all three heads, conclusion volume - about 5 pages. Appendices consist of tables and drawings. Certainly, tables and drawings can be placed in the text, but if they big it is desirable - in appendices. Appendices have numbering which to be put in the top right corner (for example, the Appendix 1). Tables and drawings also have numbering, and table numbering does not depend on drawing numbering. Table and drawing number depends on number of the head and point number which they concern. For example, table 1.1.1 - at first goes number of the head, then - point number, but only then - number of the table.
Tables happen following kinds:
1. Takes places on 2 and more pages.
2. Tables in which all figures have identical measurement, for example, all in roubles, pieces etc.
3. When figures have different measurement in the lines.
4. When figures have different measurement under columns.
Drawings share on three kinds:
Registration of tables. At registration of tables the word "Table", in the right top corner is written, then to be put table number. More low, on the centre to be put its name, and directly table is drawn to be drawn. In the table the reductions are supposed, all figures should there is a friend under the friend (units under units, tens under tens etc.). If the table occupies two and more pages it is necessary to number columns that on the following page not to draw registration of columns.
Registration of drawings. Schemes usually represent classification, structure. The diagramme also displays object structure, as a rule, this display in percentage, i.e. are displayed specific weight. Diagrammes happen circular and in the form of rectangles. If the diagramme is drawn by hand should be painted over only one colour. Schedules display dynamics or changes in time. In the schedule the main thing - a designation of a horizontal and vertical arrow. All points should be signed.
The standard reductions: Cand.Econ.Sci.
The Doctor of Economics -
The senior teacher - the item the teacher
The senior lecturer.
The professor - the prof.
The appendix - (enc.) or (tab.)
Including - including
And another - etc.
And so on - etc.
And so forth - etc.
The Russian Federation - the Russian Federation