In introduction, in this case, it is necessary to tell about the reason of a choice of the given theme, about its problems and about various sights at them met in the literature on this theme, about a specific target and the purpose of term paper.
In a body it is necessary to open a theme, i.e. not only to cover its problems and possible (or available already) their decisions but to compare them, and even to give the interpretation, to state the point of view, to offer the decision.
To open a theme it is possible differently: whether in the historical plan (from the past to the present), whether in the logic plan (on the main, essential, "central" moments). Here it is a lot of variants.
In the conclusion are summed up, it is summarised how much it was possible to execute conceived, declared in introduction. Finishes course the list of the used literature. Usually it is the list numbered by the Arabian figures of in alphabetic order used books, articles and so forth
Unlike school compositions, term papers necessarily should have correctly issued scientific device, i.e. footnotes, references, citing and so forth it is necessary to be accustomed To it at once; severity and accuracy of citing, adequacy of retelling of the point of view of this or that author, its sights, the ideas, the put forward problems and positions, correct registration of footnotes - the integral sign of originally scientific work. Therefore both citations, and footnotes, and the literature list should meet certain requirements, namely: it is necessary to specify surnames and the initials of authors of the works, the full name of work (the book, article, etc.), the place where work (the publishing house name sometimes is published falls), year of the edition. If necessary - pages are specified.
Term paper for the first year of training should not exceed 10 typewritten pages through two intervals (7 p. - through 1,5). For the second year - 15 (10). For the third - 20 (15). For the fourth - 25 (20).
On 1-II courses work is estimated by the supervisor of studies of the student, on ?-IV courses the estimation is defined in the course of protection course on faculty meetings on which the student specialises. Protection passes in such order: in the beginning it is short (till 5 minutes) the student states the basic maintenance of the work, its purpose and a problem, results. After performance to the student questions on which it is obliged to answer can be set. The opponent then acts (as a rule, its colleague at a course/faculty, or someone from members the chairs reading course) with the analysis of work and it offers chair an assessment of works. Can act and the supervisor of studies of the student appointed chair (or chosen by the student) to a writing the course. On the basis of the heard protection and the offered estimations, the chair at the closed meeting solves a question on an estimation course and then brings of it to the notice students.
With what to begin? Certainly, from definition, or a choice of a theme course. The theme choice, especially for the first course, business not idle time already because it can be the first in a life of the student work of a similar sort. In this case it is better, having defined the preliminary specialised interests and liking to address to corresponding chair or the teacher and to consult about a theme and the literature to it. The main thing here - that this or that question (a theme course as a whole) was to liking that the student could capture the intellectual look this question (theme) completely and a smog this complete sight transfers in writing. Course under the maintenance does not remove necessity to it to be the integral work finished on structure. Therefore, even in the term papers which maintenance is frequently defined by sources, it is not necessary to lose sight sequences, completeness, completeness of a statement.
As a rule, on chairs there are lists of approximate themes for term and research papers, therefore it is possible to familiarise with them and to choose a theme to liking. If themes of the list do not satisfy the student, it can try to formulate it and is independent, having consulted with chair or the teacher. Necessity to address to chair (teacher) should not confuse the student, he should know, that such references are necessary to both parties for it is the integral element of educational process.
After a choice of a theme course, steals up (again through consultation or on sources) the necessary literature. It should be worked, i.e. not only to read, but to comprehend, understand, look at it and the eyes.
It is necessary to know about the different points of view in the literature on the given theme (to a question, a problem) to compare them as among themselves, and with the sights.
Further, it is necessary to plan work on time and but structure. At last, after the done work to commit its basic maintenance to paper. To structure course it is possible on sources, i.e. the structure course as though repeats sequence of consideration of a theme in the source, in the literature. But it is possible to offer and the, that it is more preferable.
At a theme choice it is desirable to display in the formulation (name) it problematical character, creative and its innovative decision as problematical character by the nature is always interfaced to overcoming of some difficulties. It is not necessary to be afraid of them, more likely even it is necessary to aspire to independence in judgements and decisions, especially in course for it is study.
It is clear, that the first course student hardly will choose a theme in the first semestre, he after all still the yesterday's schoolboy and only adapts for student's specificity. But in the middle of the academic year he is obliged to reflect, and in the beginning of the second semestre and to discuss a theme on chair or with the teacher. With it as with the supervisor of studies, it discusses the time plan of performance course, its structure and the form of representation for an estimation.
Requirements to registration
Term paper should be printed on one party of a standard sheet of a white paper (it is typed on the computer) through 1,5 or 2 intervals, 1 sm on the right, 2 sm from above, 2,5 sm from below. In line should be no more than 65 signs (letters, blanks, punctuation marks and so forth). The number of lines on page should not exceed 37 (through 1,5 intervals) or 28 (through 2 intervals).
The foreign text and special designations (formulas, symbols) if there is no possibility to print, are entered by a readable handwriting and black ink (ink or paste).
All sheets of term paper are numbered by the Arabian figures, as a rule at the top of page, the title page is not numbered.
Term paper is put in a special folder.
Term paper opens the title page (the Sample look in the appendix 1).
After the title page on separate page the table of contents (the Sample look in the appendix 2) follows.
The list of the used literature is made in alphabetic order surnames of authors with obligatory numbering of works. For example:
22. The modern modal logic. L, J976.
The literature on foreign languages also is in alphabetic order given after the literature in Russian. If collection article (magazine, the encyclopaedia or the newspaper), sequence of record of a footnote the following is used: