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The basic characteristics of the aristocratic portraits are about the outward appearance of the object.  An example of this genre is Louis XIV that was painted in 1701 by Hyacinth Rigaurd. In the picture, the artist shows the royal with coronary garments, royal paraphernalia, the scepter, the crown, and the sword of state. His clothes were from the finest places such as coronation robes, silk stockings, a lace cravat, wig, and high-heeled shoes. His pose shows his pride in statues for this symbolizes he has authority and regality (Fiero 71)

Another painter was David Velazquez who painted King Philip IV making him to become the country’s most prestigious artist. He conveyed the powerful pretense of eling forms to the real objects in the atmosphere space. His painting was classical and was based on Christian subjects. One of his other of paintings was Las Menimas where he shows the royal court. In this painting, he shows a visual dialogue between the perceived and the perceiver. It was really a great painting where you could see the royal couple clearly (Fiero 70-71)

Francis Bacon was on inductive reasoning by the process that draws on the particulars of sensory evidence for the formulation of general principles. He published the “Novuam Organum”, which was a plea for objectivity, clear thinking and has the strongest defense of empirical ever written. His way was “the masters and possessors of Nature” by showing the experimentation, tabulation, and record keeping that shows modern scientific inquiry. Bacon also said that human considerate is self-reflective.  He also wrote “The Advancement of Learning” which is a sketch of key ideas concerning methods for acquiring and having knowledge (Fiero 114-115)

Rene Descartes is the founder of western philosophy. He felt the need for giving priority to knowledge gained through the senses for he valued abstract reasoning and mathematical speculation. His type of investigation was called dedicative reasoning. In his “Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason and Seeking for The Truth in the Sciences”,  he said never accept the truth that you do not believe. This is clearly true and dichotomizes the problem into many simple parts through multifaceted knowledge and then draws a conclusion by calling it into doubt. He has made a clear discrepancy between the matter, and mind, and between the body and the soul (Fiero116-117).

They say the human body operates like the computer they called is Cartesian dualism the views that holds the mind a distinct from the body (Fiero 118).

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