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A congress government is where the president is not always given full powers, but the congress does the decision making and the running of the country. A congress consists of a senate, upper house, House of Representatives and lower house. The House of Representatives serves a two term period, where they represent the members of the district. This helps in hearing the cry of every citizen in the country.
The congress has shared power between the governing bodies. It does not allow the president to make his own rules. In the other hand; presidency is the administration in which the presidents of the state have all the powers in his hands. Most of the presidential candidates do not support the congress government. In the powerful countries which always have two ruling parties, e.g. the USA, congress is the most suitable mode of ruling (Hamilton 2004). This is because; if the president is a democrat he or she can use the powers they have to amend the rules favoring their party. However, in a congress mode of governing, the rules made will be favoring everybody enhancing better running of the country.
In most cases, the president does not have much power in the congress. They reduce the powers of the president in the congress government. Some of the congress powers that weaken the president’s power are discussed below. In most cases, the Senate is free to change revenue bills without consulting the president. If a congress proposes a bill, they give the president ten days to veto the bill or, it automatically becomes a law (Frank 2007). This remains the case unless the congress adjourns. Moreover, constitutional amendments made by the congress do not need be approved by the ruling government for them to be sent to the state for ratification. In some cases, the Supreme Court has ruled against a veto legislation that will give the president more power to limit budgeted expenditure.
The influence of the congress on the president’s power has varied from one term to another; the degree of the president’s power depends on how they lead the congress. It also depends on the political influence of the president to the congress. If the president has more influence, he gets more power. Otherwise, his power gets limited if congress has more influence. In the US constitution, the president has the power to wage wars as commander in chief while the congress has the power to declare and fund them (Greene 2005). This shows that if the president can declare wars and the congress say, otherwise, the president will have no choice but to call it off. The president’s powers in a congress mode of the ruling get lowered further as the congress is the one that determines the presidential elections.
One of the benefits of having a congress government is that it allows representation of equal measures for both large and small scales. The states, which have large populations in the house, get satisfied because the representation is done with the largeness of the state. Having a state which the president do not have much power is beneficial to the ruling of the country. Limiting the president’s power makes sure that what the congress does see as right, the president cannot interfere with it (Wilson 2002). This is because in making some rules, the congress considers the whole country. This is due to the representatives which come from different states all over the country. They make the bills which the president is supposed to sign into a law. When making these bills, they make sure that they favor everybody. However, if it is in a presidency, the president can make a law which may be cannot favor almost half of the population.