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Heroin has been proved by medical experts to be a useful pain reliever. Its users can be divided into a number of categories based on their frequency of use as well as the context in which they use the substance. There are those who merely just experiment with the substance without continuing to use it beyond an initial time or two. There are also those other recreational users who consume the substance occasionally, probably only in social gatherings and events or on weekends alone. Then there are those frequent users who generally show signs of addiction. Recent surveys have shown that heroine addiction rates are more among the black communities in America. This shows that the trafficking of this substance is more prevalent in black areas of many towns and cities. The physical presence of supplies is what makes the substance available in these areas. This in hand facilitates the development of a street addict subculture (Friesendorf, 2007). Looking at how drug addicts live dependent on the substance, it must be said that, the drug is really dealing a blow to the development of the community at large.
Despite the fact that medical experts regard it to be a pain killer, it should not be legalized at all since, it has a great potential for abuse, and especially because of the fact that there are other effective drugs available for pain relief.
The negative impacts of heroin to America far much outweigh the positives. The two most feared effects of the substance are addiction and death which may be as a result of an overdose (Cole, & Smith, 2008). Addiction is like a disease whereby an individual is in a state of drug dependence and does not want to take responsibility for his or her actions. Some people argue that heroin is not the problem and should not be blamed for addiction; rather addiction is created by a person (Cole, & Smith, 2008). They claim that blaming heroin is like blaming the car for causing an addiction. Still, it's a common clear fact to many that heroin causes an addiction even though, not all experts agree with this (Cole, & Smith, 2008).
In addressing this matter, it is quite important to start from the beginning where we can say that, before addiction exists there is just a substance and a potential user. Addiction will only take place if the user takes the substance, and if the experience it gives him or her is so pleasurable that the person would want to try it again.
According to Ferreiro, (2003) heroine molecules exert their powerful effects operating directly on the limbic, or reward system of the brain. This system in its normal functioning state, creates commands that directs the body to seek food, and water. Heroin manages to change the way this system works and instead of commands that enables our bodies to seek food and water, it causes the system to create commands that make the body seek more of the substance.
As heroin continues to change the function of the limbic system, continued use of the substance induces tolerance. In this context, tolerance basically refers to the need to take higher doses of a substance to produce the same effects. A tolerant user in many occasions may need fifty to a hundred times the initial dose to offer a brief high (Ferreiro, 2003).
When a person gets to a point where he uses heroin regularly, this person's body adapts to the presence of the drug and always requires the drug to function normally. Without the substance in his body, a user will get sick and eventually adapt and feel better upon consuming the substance. In this way, it is can be mentioned without contradiction, that heroin deprives a country of its both skilled and non skilled man-power that would be very vital for economic, social, and physical growth (Ferreiro, 2003).
Heroin has huge health effects as well. It must be acknowledged that, the human body is a complex interaction of chemicals and any foreign substance either prescribed or illegal, which might be added to the mixture, is likely to challenge its balance and interfere with its normal functioning (White, 2006). The desirable effects of prescribed drugs are normally praised and boldly aired in marketing advertisements. On the other hand, the undesirable effects popularly known as the side-effects do not normally get the bold mentioning that the desirable effects get. For instance, heroin was once a prescription drug where it was first marketed as a drug for tuberculosis and other respiratory illnesses, and later as an analgesic. Respiratory depression and analgesia are some of the effects to name but a few. Legalization of this very dangerous drug is likely to cause a situation where the public will be kept in the dark about its far and wide reaching effects that is already being witnessed despite the fact that it is currently illegal.
According to Ferreiro, (2003) the effects are even much worse in adolescents. Therefore, legalization of heroin is a risk not worth taking with our children and the young generation. Cells divide faster in a growing body thus, permitting drugs to move faster into and through the body systems. Still, because of the fact that the immune system is not yet completely developed for the adolescents, fighting foreign substances exerts a greater strain on the system. Even worse, heroin has the potential to delay or rather stunt sexual development that in normal cases is supposed to start at an average age of eleven. At the same time, it must be mentioned that heroin affects mental development too.
From a person's early stages of life to his or her early twenties, intellectual learning, the learning of moral and ethical values, and the development of emotions and ways of expressing themselves is expected to occur. It has been medically proved that, if a teenager consumes substances such as heroin at this stage of his or her life, he or she may find it hard to learn the skills essential to survive and succeed in the world. Therefore, heroin affects a person's health, emotional ties, sexuality, and intellectual functioning.
So the reason why heroin abuse affects the adolescents even worse than the adults is plain simple. Adults usually have an adult self to go back to after quitting addiction, while an adolescent who started consuming the substance at an early age returns to the same patterns of behavior of a little child that he or she was when getting into the habit.
There are those people who argue that drugs like heroin should not be illegal and, that there should be no laws against drugs as long as the consumption of such substances does not pose a threat to anyone else (Clinard, M & Meier, 2008). These people believe that, drugs addiction is a psychological problem that has no solution. Still, this is not a good reason to permit the government to make drugs illegal. There are a number of things that are addictive but not illegal. In fact, heroin should be made legal in order to stop the enormous traffic in illegal sales and reduce crime. Today, three quarters of the burglaries in New York City are committed by drug addicts (Clinard, M & Meier, 2008). These crimes would stop only if drugs such as heroin were made legal.
Despite all these arguments, it is important to mention that arguments against drugs legalization by far outweigh the arguments for their legalization (Clinard, M & Meier, 2008). This is majorly based on the vast negative impacts that they have on our economic, social, physical lives. With this in mind, heroin should not only be made illegal just because of the harm it causes on its users but also the second concerned person whom it harms emotionally and socially as well as the state that it deprives of its competent skilled and even non-skilled labor. Drugs such as heroin causes harm to other people like the children, spouses, and employers of the drug addicts. It therefore has some economical impacts on a wide scale (Friesendorf, 2007). The fact that illegal drug peddlers do not pay taxes can not also go unmentioned.
Heroin has been proved by medical experts to be a useful pain reliever. Some of its users use it for recreational purposes, others probably only use it in social gatherings and events or on weekends alone, and there are those who merely just experiment with the substance without continuing to use it beyond an initial time or two. Then there are those frequent users who generally show signs of addiction. The physical presence of supplies is what makes the substance available to its users, and this is blamed on its traffickers. It must be mentioned that, the drug is really dealing a blow to the development of the community at large. Despite the fact that medical experts regard it to be a pain killer, it should not be legalized since it has a great potential for abuse and especially because there are other effective drugs available for pain.
The negative impacts of heroin to America far much outweigh the positives. The two most feared effects of the substance are addiction and death which may be as a result of an overdose or rather taking too much of heroin. Addiction is like a disease whereby an individual is in a state of drug dependence and does not want to take responsibility for his or her actions. Its effects impact on the society both economically and socially to a very alarming extent. The government should therefore ensure that it is made illegal at whatever cost.