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Tuition is the fee paid for instruction in school or the training provided by the tutor. Thirty six schools in the United States of America have announced funding cuts. This is effective in the state colleges and the universities in the fall. The total reductions are estimated to stand at five billion dollars countryside. This budget cuts has impacts on the students and families. The budget cuts will be characterized by tuition hikes and reduced financial assistance from the government. The budget cuts indicate that many students will not afford to pay the higher education. The incapability to pay school fees is as a result of the hiked school fees effected to fit in the gap left behind by the budget cuts (Cullen, 2009). Many students will be forced to take up massive debts to continue with their education. The move of the budget cuts will have a negative influence on the students and teachers.
Hiked tuition fees will cripple the parents from the needy families and will not manage educating their children. This will reduce the number of students enrolling in the schools leading to the schools suspending some of the tutors. Cutting budget countermeasures will be inevitable to manage the running costs of the colleges and universities (Cohen, 2011). The scale of the budget cuts impacts severe hardships for students and tutors. The schools will increase the fees and will have a direct influence on the families. The moment parents start paying fees, they will realize the impact on the government budget cuts to the schools. The schools have already geared up ready for the transition.
The budget cuts have been effected as a result of the economic crisis. There has been a collapse in property, sales and the income tax revenues. This has presented a difficult times for the government of the United States. The government has been forced to target a basic social infrastructure for self denial. The economic crisis has presented regressive tax policies in the effort to raise money for the government expenditures. The government of the United States is streamlining its financial position. State lotteries have been established as a way of dealing with the difficult economic times. The state lotteries have been found to affect the working poor and deteriorating their financial capabilities. Budget cuts translate that the poor will not access the basic education amenities. Budget cuts spell doom for the working poor populations in the United States of America (Jeynes, 2007).
The 2009 federal funds have made worse on the shortfall in the state budgets. The funding has declined drastically over the past few years (Cullen, 2009). The department of education is one of the hardly hit sectors. The state and local appropriations in the academic years 2007-2008 and the academic years 2008-2009 have sharply dropped creating financial crisis. The costs are an inconvenience to many parents with school going children. The state tuition fees have arisen by 7.9 percent in the recent one year alone. The past decade has seen inflation costs hit the roof. Education costs have risen by 5.9 percent over the past decade. This is a substantial percentage that cannot go unnoticed (Cohen, 2011).
Government of the United States has in the recent years reduced the funding provided by the federal financial aid through the Pell Grant Award system. The school budget cuts have intensified passing the escalating costs to the local consumer. Pell Grant award has been used by the United States in budget cutting scheme. The state grants programs are targeted in this scheme (Cullen, 2009). The government has indicated sharp deductions or total elimination of the grant. The state funding is already at the lowest for many years. Tuition fees have been axed to an average of seven hundred dollars per student. This is a substantial amount resulting in sharp reductions in the schools enrolments and reduction in the tutors (Ehrenberg, 2002). Layoffs of the employees will come in the wake of reduced number of students in the schools.
New Hampshire terminated state education grants in June 2011. This cut overall higher education by forty eight percent. The new government budget allocates only fifty two million dollars to the state’s universities. This indicates an extraordinarily low figure in the light that the number of students joining the universities has been increasing over the years. Funding to the local colleges has been cut by twenty percent (Jeynes, 2007). These bills are passed over to the consumer meaning students have to pay more for the education. The universities will have to raise the tuition fees by almost ten percent. This is to fill in the government funding cuts gap (Sowell, 2003). Many universities have expressed the need to eliminate some positions. This is in the attempt to balance the financial accounts. Taking a look at the University of New Hampshire, the university will lay off two hundred employees. The university has indicated that the sharp budget cuts have come as an anticipated shock. Other states have recorded the same surprise and they have no choice rather than evaluate their expenditures in order to survive in these tough economic times (Ehrenberg, 2002).
The anticipated cut to the higher education institutions stands at twenty four percent. This will have an effect of tuition fees rising by over twenty percent. The government has scaled down the scholarships and work related sturdy programs. It is estimated that over one thousand employees will have to lose their jobs as the state educational providers adjust themselves with the global financial crisis. The tuition hikes stand at fourteen percent (Cohen, 2011). This is a critical increase and it translates that the figure will have a considerable negative role to the people of the United States.
It is expected that the students will react angrily to the increased tuition fees. Demonstrations will be expected to express the desertification of the American students by the current hiked fees. Majority of the American universities has raised the fees by over twenty percent, a figure that many students will not appreciate. The tuition increases will be at over twenty percent and colleges will have tuition increments of over ten percent. This will mean that the college offering degrees and certifications will have to increase the fees associated with these courses (Sowell, 2003).
The prospects of students from poor backgrounds are at stake. Many will be forced to miss the higher education programs. Many universities have anticipated wage cuts and layoffs on the existing employee’s base. It is expected with concern that a good number of students will not attend the classes due to the increased school fees. This will mean that the period of accessing privileges has gone (Cohen, 2011). Education capabilities will depend on the pocket of the individuals. This will in turn sharpen the gap between the poor and the rich. The colleges and universities will target the wealthy families for their resources in order to keep the colleges and the universities running. This will in the future affect the quality of the education availed to the students (Sowell, 2003).
Quality education will be a thing of the past. Higher education will depend on the pocket size to survive in the academic worlds (Sowell, 2003).The universities will start accepting lower grades as long as the students have the funds. Money will become the central determinant in the provision of education in the United States of America. The Democratic Party approved the extensive budget cuts. This is the highest reduction in the budgets ever experienced in the United States. Universities are raising the tuition fees by ten to twelve percent, which is on top of the previous increment of eight to ten percent (Ehrenberg, 2002).
Taking a look at the Georgia University, it increased the fees by forty six percent in the years 2007-2010 (Jeynes, 2007). The state has reduced the funding of the HOPE scholarship cutting grants that have already been awarded to students by ten percent. This translates that the university will have to modify the hike to reflect fifty six percent increments in tuition in the years 2007-2011. These are large sums of money, which many families cannot afford. This will lock potential candidates due to the lack of funds. This is an example of what is being experienced in the United States colleges and universities. It is expected to be met by resistance by the students, parents and the employees. Employees will experience scaled wages resulting into a crisis between employers and the employees (Cullen, 2009).
Universities and colleges have revised their tuition fees upwards due to the government budget cuts. This is effective in the commencement of the next academic period. This will strike off critical social infrastructure and it is expected to affect the quality of education in the United States of America. The students will be vulnerable to the programs. Many students will be forced to work many hours to cater for the increased school fees and at the same time reduce the living expenses to cater the increased fees hikes. The students after the graduation will have to pay loans associated with educational funds. This is one of the difficult moments in the job markets since the great depression (Jeynes, 2007).