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Gender disparity varies in different settings, in the U.S. and all over the world. The settings mentioned include schooling, working and socializing. For instance, in the U.S., 10th grade girls have likelihood to score high in Science and Maths, but the trend begins to change on the way to high school completion, where boys outnumber girls. There is no genetic feature that could add to a disparity such as that; though further cultural explanations have been based on this (Kingston, 1989). For instance, disparity is to fault for the shortage of women in medicine and science in higher learning institutions. Another cultural reason is that women are meant to deliver children and spend a lot of time out of school during maternity leaves (Glaspell, 2010).
Gender gaps are directly linked with financial competitiveness. Economical participation and political empowerment of women have not developed much. Female staff tends to be concentrated at beginner or mid-level positions, causing a major obstacle for female management (Kingston, 1989). This proves that the cultural argument which states that the reason of gender disparity is motherhood responsibilities is untrue. The real cause of the disparity is patriarchal customs. Another reason is that women start with employment opportunities that are poorly paid. Ladies usually occupy low positions and hence they generally have less job achievements (Glaspell, 2010).
A lot of cultures all over the world have historically designated roles and responsibilities that define a woman and a man. For instance, in most third world countries, especially in the African continent, men roles are clearly stipulated and anyone who does the contrary could be deemed as an outcast. For instance, men are outright expected to head and lead their families, provide for them, give security to their relatives, and determine roles and responsibilities for other family members (Kingston, 1989). In conventional African families, men are in charge of deciding whether or not their wives should take jobs. In some of these countries, the male child is valued and given priority from the birth until adulthood. For instance, the male child is prioritized when it comes to education at the expense of the girl child (Glaspell, 2010).
Even in some western nations, just like in the developing world, many parents are very keen on rearing a male child as the heir of the family. The perception of most people all over the world is that the female child ultimately marries and leaves the parental home to live together with her husband (Kingston, 1989). This idea is the reason why more value is placed on males as compared with females. With such a perception, the rate of gender disparity in the world is not likely to go down. In fact, if this approach is continued and adopted by more people, the issue of gender disparity will become a menace that will be very hard to curb (Glaspell, 2010).
However, governments, authorities and non-governmental organizations worldwide are doing exemplary work to try and eradicate gender disparity or at least reduce its rate. The first changes are already evident, especially in settings such as schools, homesteads, and workplaces. However, these efforts need to be supported more in order to achieve the ultimate goals (Glaspell, 2010).
The gender differences not only demean women’s role through lack of promotions and careers, they also prevent an increase in companies’ income and generally lower countries’ profit and financial potential. Gender disparity can be eliminated only if countries identify their social and financial necessities. Over the past few years, although leading countries are trying to improve gender ratios and make them fairer, the situation in the rest of the world is still the same. For instance, nearly all third world countries have high gender disparity ratios. However, when it comes to growth, development, effective employment and financial increase, gender equality is a key to unlock potential and activate economies.