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According to Bernthal and Bankson (1994), assessment and evaluation is a paramount component to both teaching and learning. During assessment, tools are employed to check what is appropriate and what should be taught to learners. For instance, the use of reading A-Z as an examining tool offers a collection of easy-to-use assessment tools in various key areas of phonics, phonological awareness, fluency, comprehension, high-frequency words and reading of the alphabet. Such tools are formed in a manner that is useful in diagnosing instructional requirements and the efficacy of the instruction offered.
Assessing of Phonological Processes in students: The teacher will provide a series of objects for students to name when evaluating the phonological processes. Presented results indicate the degree of the disorder. This will improve their oral skills in understanding rhyming words. Besides, it also shows the direction for planning remediation (Schumm, 2006). This will be a guided test to the whole class.
Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language: the teacher should give students picture pointing test in order to assess oral understanding of phonemes and rhyming words. This will also help to examine grammatical morphology of sentence structures, among others.
Beery Picture Vocabulary Test: the teacher should examine students by use of Standardized Test Educational Assessment (STEA) tests. This test the Beery Picture Vocabulary Test examines the learner’s expressive vocabulary through naming of pictures when provided with initial consonants (Bernthal, 1994). This type of test is preferably administered to small groups than independent learners.
Boehm Test of Basic Concepts: The teacher will apply this test to examine a child’s understanding of concepts like time, space and quantity. In this regard, the teacher will employ a skillful use of the words that rhyme with concepts in time, space and quantity. The teacher will do this for individual learner or group (Schumm, 2006).
Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals: the teacher will use this test to evaluate understanding and the use of language including word and sentence structure. It can also be used to assess word recall and auditory memory of a learner. This test will be used in this lesson to help the learner memorize the rhyming words. This is administered as an independent test to a small group or individual learner.
Test of Word Finding: this test will be used to examine a child's ability to name words in multiple contexts like picture naming of nouns, categories and sentence completion, verbs and adjectives. It is an independent individual test that helps to determine a child's accuracy and rate for recalling names as compared to standardized models (Bernthal, 1994).
Token Test for Children: The teacher will use this test of language comprehension to examine sentences that contain rhyming words. During this test, the teacher should use different texts, statements and comprehensions for the whole class.
Weschler Individual Achievement Test: the teacher should use standardized tests from STEA. This examination offers a comprehensive test of reading which is word analysis and comprehension. It also examines the student’s ability of written language, spelling, oral expression and listening comprehension.
Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children: the teacher will apply this test on individual students I order to test intellectual functioning. This test will assist in not only in grading the students understanding but also in testing the memory of students in the Phonology lesson.
Wide Range Achievement Test: the teacher should use this test to screen academic achievement. This assessment measures word spelling and reading rhyming words. Besides, this will test if students can to respond physically appropriately when reading rhyming word (Bernthal, 1994).
DegreEs of Reading Power: Schumm (2006) observes that the teacher will use this test to examine reading comprehension of paragraphs in learners. It will test if students can produce rhyming words. The Cloze examination refers to the tasks that a child is required to complete within a given range and item. For instance the learner can be asked to 'fill-in-the-blank': the cat was ___________ the rat. This is an individual test that the teacher will use to grade his students.
In conclusion, throughout these diagnostic tests of expressive phonemes and rhyming words formulated for learners the teacher assesses the student's knowledge of language and word meaning in both unique and common aspects. Therefore, it is important to note that during these assessments the learners are asked various questions. All these questions are designed to measure their comprehension of phonology.