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Martins Luther’s letter reveals delves into the segregation of injustices and violence of the Birmingham in Alabama, which was the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States, while William Shake spheres scene is about a reflection of William’s fallen condition. In this scene he establishes a parallel between his prison cell and the world outside. The essays are similar as they both reveal the existence of injustices to the helpless in the society, which could not be curbed, by the existence of civil rights.
Martin Luther King Juniors letter from Birmingham Jail was a letter showing the expression and his encouragements on the continued protest against the traditions and established laws and justification for his actions. Luther was the leader of the civil rights group that supported protests against the traditional views, through encouraging the people to protest against injustices. In his letter, he states that it was not legal to assist the Jew Hitler’s Germany, and that if he had lived currently in a communist country where the Christians are suppressed for their faith he would have openly advocated and disobeyed the anti religious laws. In this letter, King Luther supports and encourages protest because due to the situation he perceives it as an inevitable action, be it in any country that is encouraging any form of injustices. In this letter, the king openly declares that he was against any form of injustices, which would discriminate him and his people. Alongside his encouragement for the protests, the king was also offering justification for his actions. This letter was ordered to his fellow clergymen to explain his prior actions, and in this letter, he tried to explain to his clergymen that though his actions were illegal they were justifiable and very necessary under the circumstances. In this letter, he was offering explanation that he had exhausted any possible options and the only option was to have encouraged the protest, as it was the only viable option, which could make a difference.
On the other hand, the scene by William Shakespeare gives the parallel between the prison cell and the outside world. He says that the world is filled with a number of people, but in his prison, he is all alone. The comparison between the prison and the world is untenable, yet he pursues to give further the differences between the two environments. Richard says that his brain is acting as the female to his soul, which is the father and the result of the consummation of the two gives rise to his thoughts. For the first time Richard feels alone, and is confronted with his own self. The music playing outside his jail has a contradictory effect on him and he wishes that the music would stop. The music is a sign of love and according to Richard; love is the strange brooch in the hating world. His soliloquy is interrupted by the entrance of a groom sympathetic to him and reminds him of the time when he used to be king. He tells him how he felt bad when Bolingbroke rode on his horse majestically. Richard is angry and he curses the horse that had eaten bread from his royal plate for a lengthy period and for repaying him with treachery. The keeper enters the prison cell and ordered the groom to leave and then he offers Richard his food of which he declined to eat until the keeper tastes the food. The keeper says that he had orders not to taste the food and on hearing this, he loses his patience and strikes the keeper, who cries for help. When Exton arrives, he kills Richard.
In conclusion, both essays give overview of the social injustices in the society. It gives an overview of the lack of civil rights protecting the minority in the society and the way the minority in the society struggle to have their voices heard.