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This paper discusses the grounds in which the United States of America is basing the plans to shut its border with Mexico. Similarly, it discusses whether the United States is warranted to do so and further analyze the contributing factors towards this end. The instances of swine flu attack hitting the United States have been prevalent over the past few years. It is notable that this is also the case in Mexico. The number of immigrants to the United States from Mexico has been increasing over years. Because of swine flu attacks, increased criminal activities and other reasons, the United State's security and health departments are considering to close the border in order to not only reduce the possibility of future epidemic attacks but also to stop illegal immigrants, some of whom are runaway criminals, from entering into the country (Patricia and Massey, 2007).
Illegal immigrants from Mexico are known to smuggle drugs to the United States making it difficult for the security and health agencies to deal with drug proliferation and the subsequent abuse. They enter into the United States heavily armed and posing threats to the citizens who live along the border as well as the security staff in charge of the terminuses. Many lives have been lost as a result of this. Young women are often found exterminated and their bodies disfigured around the Mexican border. The illegal immigrants are ready to kill anyone who tries to stop them from making their entry. The drugs which migrants smuggle are putting the lives of the American youth at risk. The youth acquire these drugs and use them without considering the dire side effects. It also makes them to be criminals in order to get money to purchase the drugs. This will ultimately affect the future United States.
The illegal immigration has also encouraged human trafficking. This is against human rights. Many people have lost their lives. Others have lost their loved ones and bread winners in the family. This has resulted to suffering for many. The people who are trafficked are forced to work as prostitutes, house hold workers and others are exposed to hard labor against their will. They do this work while being harassed and without adequate rest. This risks their health. Because of this, the American citizens are not sure of their family's security (Martinez, 2008).
The illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States has interfered with the free movement of American citizens who live near and far from the border. Their right of movement has been limited because of the fear of being abducted. Even when people move around they do so with fear and a lot of chariness. Violence faced by the law enforcement officers and the citizens has been on the rise in the past months further calling for the closure of the Mexican border.
The refugees have been badly affected by the ever increasing illegal activities like drug smuggling and surveillance. This is so because the Americas who would like to visit the refugee camps are either bothered by the heavy surveillance or the security as it is. The productive public use of the area has become less. Therefore, people tend to choose to stay away and avoid all that.
The issue of illegal immigration from Mexico into the United States has also made it difficult for those who try to do so legally. It seems like it is easy for those entering the country illegally than those who cross the border legally. The illegal immigrants neither need to present any documents nor follow any procedure. Those who want to cross legally have to follow procedure and present all the required documents in order for them to cross the border. This acts as a discouragement because it is seen as a waste of time.
While buying a gun legally in the United States is difficult, buying it illegally from the Mexican immigrants is a very simple task that requires no obligation. The Mexican immigrants sell guns at a very cheap price posing a threat to security in the United States. The guns can also be found easily and are available in various types.
Similarly, the United States incurs costs of providing public services to illegal immigrants. There are inadequate options for lessening or doing away with those costs. Economically unstable illegal immigrants strain the services offered to the public for example local schools, and health care. If illegal immigration is dealt with appropriately, the American economy will rise because employers will have to raise salary to attract American employees.
In 2002 for example, households under illegal immigrants imposed more than $26.3 billion in costs that the federal state incurred but only $16 billion in taxes was paid. This created a net fiscal deficit of close to $10.4 billion or $2,700 on each and every illegal house hold (Byrd and Mississippi, 2006).
The influx of illegal immigrants from Mexico posts a wage loss of about four percent to American workers. This is especially the case for American workers without a high school diploma because of the direct competition from the immigrants. The illegal immigrants from Mexico contribute to unemployment for Americans. The immigrants are employed and paid low wages. This makes the employers to favor them over American citizens who may want to be paid more and thus remain unemployed.
The illegal immigration has had an impact on the American healthcare. According to a Rand study, illegal immigrants are younger and healthier. They use the healthcare services less often. This costs the healthcare system an estimated $6.5 billion per year. The illegal immigration results in importation of diseases such as plague, polio, dengue fever, drug-resistant tuberculosis and chagas. All these diseases are very dangerous and have to be control.
The lowering of wages has created deteriorating lifestyles. The middle class is fading away. American citizens do not have enough money to support their lifestyles making them to opt for improper family life. The illegal immigrants do not pay taxes. They indirectly bring down the standards of living in areas where they are concentrated.
Olivia (2009) argues that some illegal immigrants from Mexico poach and smuggle wildlife by creating paths through federal protected wildlife reserves threatening their population. They abandon vehicles, drop drugs alongside their human waste and litter that destroy fragile Arizona ecosystems. Endangered species and vegetation also suffer considerably.
The number of Mexican illegally immigrating is making it difficult for America to achieve targets such as provision of improved education, environment security and stable wages. Although the illegal immigrants from Mexico contribute to the work force in the United States of America in areas such as agricultural industry and infrastructure, they bring more negative effects to American economic stature. This comes in terms of increasing joblessness for them.
Illegal immigrants from Mexico pose a problem and must be stopped using all measures available to avoid negative repercussions on the United States' economic, social and political well being. The welfare of the citizens is of utmost importance and therefore be safeguarded. Illegal immigration has many negative effects, should be prohibited and prevented by all means. Immigration laws should be tightened and be adhered to the letter. Illegal immigrants should be dealt with accordingly.