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It is important to take note of the fact that the two chapters (chapter one and chapter five) are very different time frames during the life of Gandhi. The first chapter is basically a guide to the reader into the birth and parenthood background that Gandhi had. As a matter of fact, this period of time is rated from around 1869 to early 1870s. On the other hand, the contents that have been used to develop the fifth chapter are purely based on high school education that Gandhi had. While the two are very different periods of time, it is important to take note of the fact that the two have a great source of similarity in the fact that both of them are talking of marriage although in very differing perspectives. While the first chapter is offering a background on the parenthood that Gandhi's parents had, in the fifth chapter we also meet the beginning of family life and parenthood fro Gandhi himself as we are informed of the fact that he married while he was still in high school.

This paper therefore aims at critically analyzing the similarities and differences that strike in both the first and the fifth chapter of the life of Gandhi. In more precise terms, the themes that are taken into consideration in the paper are mainly ranging from, education, civilization in terms of time reading, marriage and discipline of the youthful Gandhi at the time of reference.


The most striking fact is the fact that marriage in the two periods of time represented in the first and fifth chapters of the autobiography are very different. His will be keenly analyzed beginning with the very first chapter of the book. At this point, Gandhi is keen at letting the reader have a clear picture of the marriage set up that consequently led to his birth and upbringing as a Hindu young boy. Gandhi's grandfather who was known as Ota Gandhi was a highly respected figure in the society and it is very clear in the text that he ended up marrying twice. This was not brought about by any issue lying on the boarders of polygamy and monogamy but it was simply due to the fact that Ota Gandhi had lost his first wife to death. It is from the second wife that Gandhi's father, Kaba Gandhi, was born as the fifth son among six.

The case did not seem to be very different when it came to Kaba Gandhi who obviously was Ota Gandhi's son. He too was followed by the same trend as that of his father since he kept on loosing his wives to death. As a matter of fact, his case was more severe considering the fact that he had to marry four times since three of his first wives all left him for death. Just as was the case with Kaba Gandhi, M. Gandhi was also born to the very last wife who in this case was the fourth wife. The only difference that he had with his father was the fact that he was born as the last born son and not the second last as was the case with the former.

On a very different point of view, marriage in the fifth chapter has been presented to the reader as a very clear part that was not interrupted by deaths as was in the first chapter. We are informed of the, marriage of M. Gandhi ad his brother's marriage too. Within this chapter, the marriages were only done once and at no particular point is death leading the two brothers into remarrying again.

The second contrast that can be drawn about marriage when referring to the two brothers is the fact that marriage ion the first chapter involved very mature and respected men in the society. Gandhi's father and grandfather were both well established people in the society who attracted their own form of recognition. Their marriages were therefore set in established grounds unlike the marriage of M. Gandhi. In his case, he married while still in high school and the case is also very true to his brother. These marriages consequently led to hardships unlike in the marriages that have been presented in the first chapter. Gandhi's brother was forced to drop out of school while Gandhi on the other hand had to struggle beyond the ordinary means to be able to achieve the results that he needed in school.


In the first chapter, education about Gandhi has been brought out in a very vague manner unlike in the fifth chapter. This is exquisitely understandable due to the fact that in the first chapter, Gandhi was still in his early childhood unlike in the fifth chapter where he was at the peek of his education. Despite this fact though, a lot of differences can be drawn from the education background that is offered about Gandhi in the two phases of his life.  

In the first chapter, Gandhi has been portrayed as that little boy who had very great difficulties in dealing with multiplication tables. In general therefore, the picture that can be vaguely draw about the life of the young boy is that he seriously struggled with his studies during these early days in education. Later on in the high school level that has been presented in the fifth chapter, the story is very different. As a matter of fact, Gandhi went on to become a very successful student who was not only recognizing that fact but was also recognized by the school's administration. He won scholarships and awards for the outstanding record that he displayed in academics despite the fact that he had interfered with the learning by taking one year off after he had married. Just like it has been indicated in the first chapter, high school education also had its own set of challenges for Gandhi to overcome. The fact that he had difficulty in learning English and Sanskrit, he managed to overcome them. As a matter of fact, high school was completed when he was having a very nice time in enjoying both English and Samskrit.


This is a field in the life of Gandhi where a lot of similarities can be drawn from the fifth and the first chapters when he was in high school and during his boyhood days in Porbandar. In the first chapter, we come across a boy who has so much respect to her mother very much. A boy who appreciated and respected her mother's way of living and as is evidently portrayed; he helped his other siblings to keep their mother on track in regard to the fasting schedule that she had. At school though, we meet a totally different boy who was well known for calling teachers funny names together with other boys. Gandhi therefore had very different extremes of discipline while at home and at school.

In the fifth chapter we come to meet a very different young man who was always expressing pain any time that he had to brush shoulders with the teachers in school. This indicated that he had very high levels of discipline and was very much ready to take in any form of correction from the teachers. On the other hand whole at home, Gandhi proves to be a disciplined young man despite the fact that he had already married hence had a right to live his own life the way he pleased. Despite this fact, Gandhi was still respectful to his father and this is evidently seen in the devotion that he had in taking care or nursing the old man. H did this every day after he had come from school and had even to drop gymnastics so as to ensure that he had enough time to nurse his father. Just as he was when a smell boy in the first chapter, he is still disciplined and respectful to his parents in the fifth chapter.

Civilization In Terms Of Time Reading

Time reading has been appropriately used in both the first and fifth chapters to indicate the rate at which civilization had been developing in the ancient Indian culture. In the first chapter, this has been indicated by the way the M. Gandhi and his siblings used to keep their mother on schedule during her periods of fasting by straying outside so as to look out for the sun set and sun rise. This was the method of reading time. In the fifth chapter when Gandhi has already progressed to high school, he is still lacking a watch to read time and this force shim to use the clouds in the sky to read time. The level of backwardness in regard to this technology of time has been indicated to be almost similar in the first and fifth chapters.

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