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Leadership is all about influencing other people towards achieving and accomplishing set goal and objectives within the stipulated guidelines. A leader is owed with the role of directing the organization towards set targets in a way that is coherent and cohesive. Leadership can only be achieved by people (leaders) who apply their leadership skills and knowledge in influencing others, particularly a group of people (Giuliani & Kurson, 2007). In the past, leaders were believed to be sired and not born, however this mentality has currently changed and it is now clear that leaders can originate from anywhere. For instance, leadership can be learned and the leaders knowledge and skills can be highly influenced by the attributes and traits possessed (Northouse, 2009).
Research and study has proved that knowledge and skills play a major role in the leadership process. This does not imply that other traits have no role; they also help in molding the characters of the leader thus making him or her appear unique. Through these traits a leader stands at a better position of both influencing and motivating the people under him towards attaining the set goals. In a business environment, a leader is a person who is able to increase a company’s returns through increasing productivity.
In the past, the leadership theories were based on the characters portrayed by leaders that distinguished then with their subjects or the people that were led. In the current situations, leadership theories relate to how the leaders in the organization are supposed to handle the situations facing them in the organizations. It should be emphasized that in every organization, there is an organizational structure that define the responsibility of each of the worker in the organization and thus avoid conflicts of interest between the employees of the organization. The organization structure also help to ensure the command follow a specific pattern and the same also applies to the reporting of the assignment to the relevant authority.
In the organization structure, there are three distinct levels; the top management, middle level management and the operational level. In the top management we have the senior most staff such as the CEO or managing directors whose key responsibilities is to ensure that the strategic decisions of the company are made that may take long period of time to be implemented. In the middle level management we have organization staff such as finance managers and accounting managers referred to as sometimes as line managers; they deal with making decisions that deal with the day to day operations of the organization. Lastly, in operation level we have the employees that deals with the implementation of the policies formulated by the staff in both the middle and the top level in the organization structure.
In the army there is a distinct line of command where the command is issued by the commandant in charge of that department for instance in Air force, Marine and the Army, there is a commandant who issues command to the junior officers in that department and the commandants get their command from the secretary of defense. The junior officers also follow a specific order while giving the reports of the work their have been assigned by their commandants.