In school practice both kinds of the essay can be used. It is serious work which under force, possibly to execute to well prepared graduates.
The essay theme is defined in the beginning of academic year. It is possible to suggest for the pupil most to pick up the necessary literature in school either other library, or the teacher together with a theme offers it the bibliographic list.
The teacher, as a matter of fact, is the supervisor of studies of the graduate writing the essay: gives councils about scheduling, looks through the summarised literature, helps to formulate the basic conclusions, fulfils style of a statement, etc.
The question on work registration dares at school. It is not necessary to demand expensive folders, covers, albums. Essays both handwritten should be accepted, and printed on the computer - in that case, of course, if the pupil is able to do it itself, without additional expenses.
Let's consider, how the essay the report on a literary theme with inclusion of the review of corresponding sources is written.
The theme gets out and registers. In a summary it is listed, that is written on this theme, i.e. the literature review is given.
It is told, how the theme will be shined.
The basic thought of the report, otherwise, is defined the put problem is formulated. Its decision is proved by means of the text of the work of art, the necessary comment, the literary criticism, historic facts and other material. Conclusions and generalisations become.
In the report on a literary theme the pupil should show knowledge of the art text, the literary criticism, teoretiko-literary concepts. All it defines pithiness and depth of work. And the pupil uses known sights in literary criticism and estimations, however reasonings and proofs should belong to the pupil. Such essay is independent.
Citations confirm the put forward positions, but it is not necessary to overload the essay with citing. It should be stated coherently, logically, consistently. According to semantic parts paragraphs are allocated.
The important requirement to the essay is its style unity: it is necessary for pupil to sustain scientific style of speech.
The work volume strictly is not regulated, however should not exceed volume of a usual student's writing-book (12 sheets).
The essay - the reduced statement of the scientific article or the monography
Let's consider as the essay - the reduced statement of the scientific article or the monography with the basic actual conclusions and generalisations is written.
Such essay includes the information containing in a primary material (article, the monography).
As a matter of fact, it is the information received by analitiko-synthetic work with a primary source. It the essay differs from the essay.
The essay title will differ from article or the monography on which it is written.
In the essay beginning bibliographic data on the book or article are given. Then the theme and the work purpose is stated. The point of view of the author, a position from which it considers a work of art (the aesthetic, real, revolutionary-democratic, Soviet criticism, etc.) necessarily is underlined.
It is expedient to describe artistic touches which are used by the author.
Conclusions, estimations, assumptions, the hypotheses accepted and rejected by the author of primary work are resulted also.
In the essay the free statement of a material of the book is supposed, however it is not necessary to forget, that accuracy and brevity - its important advantages.
Various historical inquiries if they do not make the core of the maintenance of a primary material, do not join in the essay.
All terms meeting in the text of the primary document, are necessarily explained in special footnotes or the text.
In the school essay probably citing of a primary material. The standard reductions and the abbreviations which sense is clear from a context are used only.
The essay text can be combined with illustrations in the event that it helps to open the basic maintenance of a reviewed material.
The work volume is defined by the book or article maintenance.
It is not necessary to forget, that in this case the essay is information model of a primary material, therefore under the maintenance it depends on it substantially.